Study of English texts today takes place through two approaches: textual and cultural. The textual approach focuses on the study of a text’s formal features. The cultural approach includes the study of social, cultural and political contexts within and beyond the text. Though these approaches are usually taken as separate, they should be used as complementary to each other. Simultaneous use of both approaches gives learners adequate exposure to the text as a source of language learning and of understanding human values.
[Journal of NELTA 12:1&2 (December 2007): 56-9.]